Regional research – is a way to address priority issues of the poorest communities. In the beginning of the Second Project on mitigating poverty problems, NSIFT has conducted a regional research on a national scale in order to determine the poverty rate in the country, its characteristic and specifics. Selection of organization on conducting an independent research was on a basis of competition, in accordance with World Bank requirements. More than 40 NGOs and other potential organizations have participated in competition upon a prior announcement in mass media. Contracts were signed with only half the number of these organizations.
Data on geographical features, housing, expenditures and consumption, and other living aspects was necessary to collect for determining the size of poverty.
Research was conducted with a purpose of:
objective assessment of socioeconomic situation of the region as a whole;
assessment of services provided by existent infrastructures and determining demand for services;
analysis of communities’ institutional capacities of the region;
obtaining assessment of programs realized by other donors;
determining regional priorities;
Poverty rate was determined by the following measures or criteria that characterize situations in regions:
1. Functioning of industrial and agricultural production facilities.
2. The state of infrastructures, accessibility and quality of provided services.
3. Provision of population by engineering communications, including drinking water, electricity supply, gas supply, roads, bridges and other types of communications.
4. Level of institutional characteristics of population.
5. Assessment of desired subsistence level and actual level of population’s income.
6. Availability of income sources and employment, expenditures, purchasing power.
7. Analysis of living conditions and life of population.
8. Priority problems in jamoats and villages of the region.
9. The impact of poverty on migration process of working-age population.
10. Prior selection of communities based on developed selection criteria.
11. Determining ways to mitigate poverty issues.